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Treatment Types

ACT Program

    Assertive Community Treatment, or ACT, is an intensive and highly integrated approach for community mental health service delivery. ACT programs serve outpatients whose symptoms of mental illness result in serious functioning difficulties in several major areas of life, often including work, social relationships, residential independence, money management, and physical health and wellness.

Case Management

    Case management is a collaborative process of assessment, planning, facilitation, care coordination, evaluation, and advocacy for options and services to meet an individual’s and family’s comprehensive health needs through communication and available resources to promote quality, cost-effective outcomes.


    Medical Detoxification is a process that systematically and safely withdraws people from addicting drugs, usually under the care of a physician. Drinking alcohol or using drugs can cause physical dependence over time and stopping them can result in withdrawal symptoms in people with this dependence. The detoxification process is designed to treat the immediate bodily effects of stopping drug use and to remove toxins left in the body as a result of the chemicals found in drugs and/or alcohol.

    Detoxification can be done on both an outpatient basis (at mental health centers, addiction clinics, or private clinics) or inpatient (at a hospital or residential treatment center). Inpatient detoxification allows the patient to be closely monitored, prevents use of the abused substances, and can speed up the process of detoxification. Outpatient detoxification as the advantage of being less disruptive to the patient's life and less expensive. This choice of setting depends on many factors such as the drug of abuse, amount oof and length of history of abuse, psycho-social issues, patients age, and co-existing medical and/or psychiatric conditions among others.

    While treatment centers often have their own detoxification facilities, others make arrangements for their patients to use detoxification programs at nearby sites, including hospitals and clinics. There are licensed detoxification facilities in most areas of the United States

Educational Outreach

    Educational outreach refers to activities that support formal or classroom-based education, as well as informal education that occurs outside the classroom. Educational outreach campaigns provide educational experiences for young people in classrooms, libraries, after-school programs, community-based organizations, museums, etc., as well as supporting the professional development of the professionals and paraprofessionals who work with them.

Emergency Hospitalization

    W. VA. CODE §27-5-2.(a) - Any adult person may make an application for involuntary hospitalization for examination of an individual when the person making the application has reason to believe that the individual to be examined is addicted … or is mentally ill and, because of his or her addiction or mental illness, the individual is likely to cause serious harm to himself, herself or to others if allowed to remain at liberty while awaiting an examination and certification by a physician or psychologist. See full legislature here.

In-school Services

    Some providers offer their services in the schools of the community. Traditionally, behavioral health services for children have been offered in the office setting, and were subject to various time constraints and transportation issues. By providing services during the school day it is possible to effectively interact with the children without interfering with family time or extracurricular activities. School-based services also eliminate the need for children to miss school to attend therapy sessions. These programs are designed to give students the opportunity to speak with a behavioral health professional in the familiarity of their school environment during the school day. If you have questions about these services contact a provider that offers in-school services.

In-patient Treatment

    Inpatient Treatment is the care of patients whose condition requires admission to a hospital or hospital-like facility. Progress in modern medicine and the advent of comprehensive out-patient clinics ensure that patients are only admitted to a hospital when they are extremely ill, have severe physical or psychological trauma such as overdoses or the risk of causing further harm to themselves or others.

Intensive Outpatient Treatment

    Intensive Outpatient Treatment is a primary treatment program recommended in some circumstances by a clinical and medical assessment. Intensive Outpatient Treatment may be recommended for those who do not need medically-supervised detoxification. Intensive Outpatient Treatment can also enable people in recovery to continue their recovery therapy following successful detox, on a part-time yet intensive schedule, designed to accommodate work and family life.

Medication-assisted Treatment

    Medication-assisted Treatment is treatment for addiction that includes the use of medication along with counseling and other support. Treatment that includes medication is often the best choice for opioid addiction. If a person is addicted, medication allows him or her to regain a normal state of mind, free of drug-induced highs and lows. It frees the person from not thinking all the time about the drug. It can reduce problems of withdrawal and craving. These changes can give the person the chance to focus on the lifestyle changes that lead back to healthy living. Taking medication for opioid addiction is like taking medication to control heart disease or diabetes. It is NOT the same as substituting one addictive drug for another. Used properly, the medication does NOT create a new addiction. It helps people manage their addiction so that the benefits of recovery can be maintained.

Outpatient Counseling

    Outpatient Counseling is a counseling service that uses treatment and intervention to increase the strengths and resources of each individual served. Outpatient counseling serves individuals with mental health, substance use and co-occurring disorders. The program empowers individuals to build skills needed to begin the recovery process. Evidence based practices are emphasized. Services are recovery focused and based on person-centered planning and client-directed outcomes.

Peer Support

    Peer Support is getting help from someone who has been there. People with similar experiences may be able to listen, give hope and guidance toward recovery in a way that is different, and may be just as valuable, as professional services. Peer services include mutual support groups, peer-run programs and services in traditional mental health agencies provided by peer support specialists. While peer support groups may be composed entirely of people who have simply leared through their own experience, some types of peer providers undergo training and certification to quality, such as Peer Recovery Coaches.


    Prevention, in general, is the action of stopping something from happening or stopping a problem from arising prior to the occurrence. In Mental Health, prevention can refer to preventing bad habits and bad behaviors so healthy choices will be made in the future. Substance Abuse Prevention, also known as drug abuse prevention, is a process that attempts to prevent the onset of substance use or limit the development of problems associated with using psychoactive substances. Prevention efforts may focus on the individual or their surroundings. Prevention efforts usually entail of an educational process so individuals become aware of the harm a potential choice can cause.


    Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors with medical and psychiatric training. They can diagnose mental health conditions and prescribe and monitor medications. Psychiatrists are also able to offer counseling and provide therapy. Some have special training in child and adolescent mental health or substance use disorders or geriatric psychiatry. Most people who see a psychiatrist are simply trying to find ways to cope better with difficult feelings or behaviors and see psychiatric treatment as an opportunity to improve their lives.

Title XIX Waiver

    Medicaid (Title XIX of the Social Security Act) is a state/federally funded program that provides health care coverage and long-term care supports to low-income individuals who meet the medical eligibility criteria. This program was enacted into law by Congress in 1965; however, until 1981, long-term care services were only covered by Medicaid in institutional settings. For further information on the Title XIX Waiver program see the full waiver program manual here.